The concept of decent work may be subjective and the criteria for what is considered decent work may depend on various economic and social structures within a community. A project may need to identify criteria for ‘decent work’ which is relevant to the project.
Decent and productive work is, according to the International Labour Organization (ILO, 2012. Gender Equality and Decent Work. p. V – see attached resource below), defined by… “conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity”. Further, “all workers have the right to decent work, not only those working in the formal economy, but also the self-employed, casual and informal economy workers, as well as those, predominantly women, working in the care economy and private households”.
In general, jobs can be considered “good”, according to the World Bank (2012, p. 15, see attachment below), when they “provide greater wellbeing to the people who hold them”.
Finally, the European Commission (2018, see attachment below), puts forth that decent work should
- pay a fair income;
- guarantee a secure form of employment and safe working conditions;
- ensure equal opportunities and treatment for all;
- include social protection for the workers and their families; and
- offer prospects for personal development and encourages social integration
- workers are free to express their concerns and to organize.